WBCS MAIN PAPER III : MODERN INDIA - EARLY MODERN PHRASE
1.Which of the following true is not true of the Permanent Settlement?
(A) The settlement was introduced initially as a decennial settlement .
(B) It gave rise to market in land
(C) It resulted in pauperisation of the peasantry.
(D) None of the above
2.According to which treaty were Tipu's children held in Calcutta as security pending
payment of compensation to the Company?
(A) Treaty of Madras
(B) Treaty of Mangalore
(C) Treaty of Srirangapatnam
(D) Treaty of Trichinopoly
3.Which treaty brought second Anglo-Mysore war to a close?
4.Under the Ryotwari system, many years could there be a reassessment of revenuedemand?
(A) 10 years
(B) 20 years
(C) 30 years
5.Of the death of which Maratha leader was it said. "with him departed all the wisdom in theMaratha State"?
(A) Peshwa Madhav Rao
(C) Nana Fadnavis
(D) Yashwant Rao Holkar
6.By which treaty was Gulab Singh given the kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir?
(A) Treaty of Amritsar
(B) Treaty of Lahore
(C) Treaty of Bhairowal
(D) Treaty of Jullundur
7.Who among the following did not benefit territorially from the Treaty of Seringapattanan?
(A) The Company
(D) Bhonsle of Berar
8.Which of the following settlements was a result of the Holt Mackenzie surveys of the 1820s?
(A) Taluqdari system
(B) Ryotwari system
(C) Anganwadi system
(D) Mahalwari system
9.Who initiated die alignment Of peninsular powers against the Company in the 1770s?
(B) Hyder Ali
(C) Tipu Sultan
(D) Nizam of Hyderabad
10.Which Governor-General of India introduced the of annexation of princely states on the ground of bad administration ?
(A) Lord Wellesley
(B) Lord Bentinck
(C) Lord Dalhousie
(D) None of the
11.In which year was the Treaty of Saibai
12.Who was the only Governor-General of Bengal to be impeached by the British Parliament?
(A) Robert Clive
(B) Warren Hastings
(C) Lord Wellesley
(D) None of the above.
13.Which of these did not contribute to the growing cleavage between Hindus and Muslims?
(A) Urdu-Nagri Controversy
(B) Shivaji Festival
(C) Cow-Protectiön Movement
(D) Music near Mosques
14. did Mir Qasim shift his capital from Murshidabad to Munghyr?
(A) Murshidabad was easily accessible from Calcutta by the riverine route.
(B) The defensive fortifications Of Murshidabad were inadequate given
Company' s fire power.
(D It was easier to receive military support from Awadh and North India undetected.
(D) All of the above
15.Who started the Statutory Civil Services and when?
(A) Lord Lytton—1877
(B) Lord Lytton—1879
(C) Lord Ripon—1881
(D) Lord Ripon—1883
16.How did the British victory in Bengal help them prevail over the French in the Carnatic?
(A) Troops and resources from Bengal were made available in the carnatic.
(B) Sir Eyre Coote, despatched by Clive, inflicted a crushing defeat on the French.
(C) Both (A) and (B)
(D) Neither (A) nor (B)
17.What occasioned the break between Mughals and the Rajputs?
(A) Increasing importance of the Marathas in Mughal state,
(B) Succession crisis in Marwar after the death of Jaswant Singh
(C) Aurungzeb's favoritism towards Muslims in Mughal service.
(D) Aurungzeb's demolition of Hindu temples.
18.Which of the following was not we of the Treaty of Madras. 1769?
(A) It was forced by Haidar after a victorious campaign against the combined forces of the Madras Council and the Nizam of Hyderabad.
(B) It entailed a defensive alliance between Mysore and the Company.
(C) The Company was exempted from the compulsion of defensive alliance if Mysore went to war with Hyderabad.
(D) None of the above
19.Who was the principal architect of British India's policy towards Tibet?
(A) Lord Dalhousie
(B) Lord Dufferin
(C) Lord Curzon
(D) Lord Minto
20.Where among the following places was Permanent Settlement not introduced?
21.With the revenue settlement of which region was Mountstuart Elphinstone associated?
(A) Punjab (B) Agra (C) Bombay (D) Awadh
22.Which of the following were not covered by Tipu Sultan?
(A) Coorg (B) Guntoor (C) Calicut and Travancore (D) None of the above
23.Which of the following is true of the Mansabdari system?
(i) Mansab denotes the rank an official held in the Mughal hierarchy.
(ii) Mansabdari usually entailed military obligation towards the
(iii) Salary of a Mansabdar was indicated in the sawar rank he held.
(iv) Remuneration for Mansabdari was provided only in terms of grants of jagir.
(A) (i), (iii). (iv)
(B) (i), (iv) (i).
(C) (i), (ii).
(D) (i), (ii). (iii). (iv)
24.Who was the only Governor-General Of Bengal to be appointed twice to the office?
(A) Lord Clive
(B) Lord Cornwallis
(C) Lord Wellesley
(D) Lord Bentinck
25.Which of the following was not true of the treaty of Surat?
(A) It was concluded between Raghunath Rao and the Calcutta Council of the East India Company.
(B) The Company pledged military assistance to restore Raghunath Rao to power.
(C) The Company was to gain Thana, Salsette and Bassein.
(D)The Company was to receive revenue collected from Surat and Broach.
26.Which Governor-General of Bengal set up the General Committee of Public Instruction to supervise Company's expenditure in the realm of education?
(A) Lord Hastings (B) Lord Amherst (C) Lord Bentinck (13) Charles Metcalfe
1.Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place in the city of
(A) Amritsar (B) Lahore (C) Bombay (D) Hyderabad
2.The Peshwa accepted the Subsidiary Alliance with the British by
(A) Treaty of Purandhar (B) Treaty of Bassein (C) Treaty of Salbai (D) Treaty of Surji Arjangaon
3.Which European power was the last to reach India ?
(A) Portuguese (B) The Dutch (C) British (D) French
4.The treaty of Seringapatam is associated with the end of
(A) Second Anglo - Maratha war
(B) Third Anglo - Maratha war
(C) Third Anglo - Mysore war
(D) Fourth Anglo - Mysore war
5.Vasco da Gama, the sailor was a
(A) Portuguese (B) American (C) German (D) Italian
6.The Portuguese possessions Goa, Daman and Diu were liberated in
(A) 1961 (B) 1971 (C) 1981 (D) 1951
1.After Bengal, the English secured the rights of duty free trade in the dominions of
(A) Raja of Benaras (B) Nawab of Awadh (C) The Nizam of Hyderabad (D) The Jats of Bharatpur
2.The chief Dutch export from the Coromondel Ports was .
(A) Textiles (B) Indigo (C) Spices (D) Saltpetre
3.Which of the following is not one of the arrangements made by the English after defeating the Marathas in the third Anglo-Maratha war ?
(A) The peswaship was abolished
(B) Holkar was forced to enter into a subsidiary alliance
(C) The Gaekwar entered into a subsidiary alliance
(D) The small kingdom of Satara formed out of Peswa dominions was given to Pratap Singh
4.Who is known as the 'Plato of the Jat tribe' ?
(A) Rajaram .(B) Churaman (C) Badan Singh . (D) Surajmal
5.The extension of the cultivation of indigo, cotton, opium, tea and coffee in India, besides benefitting the British planters, also benefitted
(A) The Zamindars (B) The small merchants (C) Both (A) and (B) (D) The Indian Bankers
6.What was the primary reason for the failure of Mahalwari Settlement in checking the process of destruction of the village communities ?
(A) It was introduced only as a temporary measure to be replaced ultimately by the rayatwari system.
(B) Individual rights in the land were recognized and guaranteed by the state
(C) There were several defects and lacunae in the implementation of the measure,
(D) It met with severe opposition from certain sections of the village community.
7.Which of the following consequences of the British rule did not affect the Muslim middle classes ?
(A) The tyranny of the British Indigo Planters
(B) The disbandment of the Nawab's forces
(C) The abolition of the rural police
(D) The resumptions of Imam's lands which provided sustenance to the learned
8.Certain movements of the early twentieth century described as 'Movements from below' were :
(A) Caste movements
(B) Revolutionary movements
(C) Peasant and tribal movements
(D) Socio-religious movements
9.During the British rule the only British King to visit India and hold his magnificent Durbar, was :
(A) Edward VII (B) George V (C) James II (D) Edward VI
10.The European Organization in India which launched agitation against the Ilbert Bill was :
(A) European Defence Association
(B) Indo-British Association
(C) Anti Ilbert Bill League
(D) European Rights Front
11.After the Surat split in 1907, the Second Split in the Congress took place in 1918 on the issue of :
(A) Lucknow Pact
(B) Montagu Declaration
(C) Election of Mrs. Annie Besant as President of the INC (1917)
(D) Both (A) & (C)
1.Dramatic Performances Act (DPA) was brought into force under the administration of
(A) Lord Lytton (B) Lord Mayo (C) Lord Napier (D) Lord Northbrook
2.Franchise for women were slowly introduced. —— were the first provinces to extend franchise to women.
(A) Bombay (B) Madras (C) Bengal (D) Both (A) and (B)
3.The effects of 1717 farman of Emperor Farukshiyar, granting exemption to the Company's merchandise from customs duty in lieu of an annual sum of Rs. 3000 was
(A) with a dastak (hand written pass) Company's goods could pass without inspection through toll station (chowki).
(B) Company's officials quietly extended this privilege to their own private trade.
(C) the 'chief sufferers' was the government of the Nawabs who lost out on customs duties and rival Indian traders who faced unequal competition.
(D) All of the above
4.What was the plausible reason for the English to take up additional fortifications of Calcutta ?
(A) To protect English trade from local disturbances
(B) To protect themselves from the French on the occasion of 'Seven Years War'
(C) The English discounted like many others the chances of Siraj ud daula's accession and hence paid scant respect to his authority.
(D) To strengthen their establishments in Bengal
5.Which one of the following conspirators against Siraj ud daulah was duped by a forged agreement paper by Robert Clive ?
(A) Mir Zafar (B) Khwaja Wazid (C) Rai Durlabh (D) Umi Chand
6.Who was the author of Siyar-ul-Mutakherin ?
(A) Gulam Hussein (B) Arif Muhammad (C) Nasir Hussein (D) Shahabuddin
7.Arrange the following events related to Anglo-Mysore War in the proper chronological order and choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
(i) Battle of Porto Novo
(ii) Treaty of Mangalore
(iii) Treaty of Madras
(iv) Treaty of Seringapatam
(A) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) (B) (iii), (i), (ii), (iv) (C) (iv), (iii), (ii), (i) (D) (iii), (ii), (iv), (i)
8.Who was the last Governor General of Fort William in Bengal ?
(A) Warren Hastings (B) Lord Cornwallis (C) Lord Bentinck (D) Viscount Canning
9.Assertion (A): The Carnatic War has attained a celebrity in history which is not fully justified either by the immediate issues involved or by the incidents of the war itself.
Reason (R): For nearly twenty years the Carnatic became the scene of a long drawn contest between French and the English which led to the ultimate overthrow of the French power in India with repurcussions also in Bengal which produced unexpected and momentous results.
(A) If the Assertion (A) is correct but Reason (R) is wrong.
(B) If (A) is wrong but (R) is correct.
(C) If both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) explains (A).
(D) If both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) does not explain (A).
10.Which of the following conditions didn't prompt the making of Mahalwari Settlement ?
(A) To curb the refractory and oppressive nature of the Taluqdars.
(B) Need to maximise revenue.
(C) Protecting the rights of the present proprietors to ensure improvement of agriculture.
(D) Influence of the Ricardian theory of Rent.
11.During the first century of British rule there were a series of 'restorative rebellions' started by disaffected local rulers. Arrange the following revolts in chronological order and choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
(i) Paik rebellion led by Jagabandhu
(ii) Poligar rebellion led by Kaltabomman
(iii) Kittur uprising led by Queen Chennamma
(iv) Travancore revolt led by Velu Thampi
(A) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) (B) (ii), (iii), (i), (iv) (C) (i), (iv), (ii), (iii) (D) (ii), (iv), (i), (iii)
1.The Battle of Panipat (1761) resulted in the defeat of
(A) The Marathas (B) Ahmad Shah Abdali (C) The East India Company (D) Nadir Shah
2.Who among the following gave official sanction to the education of girls in India ?
(A) William Bentinck (B) Hardinge I (C) Lord Dalhousie (D) Lord Canning
3.From which of the following countries did Tipu Sultan seek help to expel the British from India ?
(A) France (B) Turkey (C) Arabia and Afghanistan (D) All of the above
4.Which Governor General created the Covenanted Civil Service of India, which came to be known as Indian Civil Service from 1861 onwards ?
(A) William Bentinck (B) Lord Wellesley (C) Lord Cornwallis (D) Warren Hastings
1.Who gave Bombay to Charles II of England as a dowry gift for his marriage with Catherine of Braganza ?
(A) Spanish (B) Pourtuguese (C) Dutch (D) Danes
2.Where did the so called 'Black Hole Tragedy' take place ?
(A) Calcutta (B) Dacca (C) Monghyr (D) Murshidabad
3.When was the 'Double Government' Consisting of the Court of Directors and the Board of Control, treated at the Home Government level ?
(A) 1853 (B) 1833 (C) 1813 (D) 1784
4.The conquered people were to be ruled by their own laws and British rule had to "Legitimize itself in an Indian Idiom". This was the Fundamental principle of
(A) Evangelicalism (B) Orientalism (C) Utilitarianism (D) Mercantilism
5.Which one of the following is back water port in the western coast of India ?
(A) Kandla (B) Marmagaon (C) Mangalore (D) Cochin
6.Which of the following statements is / are true about the Vernacular Press Act. 1878 ?
(i) It was passed by Lord Mayo,
(ii) It came to be known as the "Gagging Act"
(iii) It liberated the Indian Press from restrictions.
(iv) It was repealed in 1882 by the Ripon Govt.
Select the answer from codes given below :
(A) (ii) and (iv) (B) (i) and (ii) (C) (i) and (iii) (D) (iii) and (iv)
7.Ramagiri gold field is situated in the states of
(A) Karnataka (B) Tamil Nadu (C) Andhra Pradesh (D) Kerala
8.When did the British pass a law making it an offence to Preach nationalism ?
(A) 1890 (B) 1895 (C) 1889 (D) 1904
9.Which of the following statements is / are correct ?
(A) Fort William College was closed in 1802.
(B) In 1805 the East India College was established at Heartford near London.
(C) The East India College was moved to Hailebury in 1809.
(D) All of the above
10.Who was mainly responsible for introducing the Ryotwari system in Madras ?
(A) Macartney (B) Elphinstone (C) Thomas Munro (D) John Lawrence
11.By whom was the new imperial policy of "Paramountcy" initiated ?
(A) Lord Wellesley (B) Lord Cornwallis (C) Lord Hastings (D) Warren Hastings
12.Which of the following statements about Tipu Sultan is not corect ?
(A) His reign represented a discontinuity in 18th Century Indian politics, as his kingship was rooted firmly in a strong regional tradition.
(B) In a symbolic gesture to proclaim his independence, he issued coins without any reference to the Mughal emperior.
(C) Instead of emperor Shah Alam's name he inserted his own name in the Khutba (Friday prayers at the Mosque's).
(D) He never sought a sanad from the Ottoman Khalifa to legitimise his rule.
1.Which one of the following statements is incorrect ?
(A) Diu is an island in the Gulf of Khambhat
(B) Daman and Diu were separated from Goa by the 56th Amendment of the Constitution of India
(C) Dadra and Nagar Haveli were under French Colonial Rule till 1954
(D) Goa attained full statehood in 1987
2.Lord Macaulay was associated with
(A) Reforms in the army (B) Abolition of Sati (C) Codification of Laws (D) Permanent settlement
3.he British Government introduced the portfolio system for the first time in
(A) 1853 (B) 1855 (C) 1861 (D) 1892
4.The Whitley Commission was concerned with
(A) Labour (B) Education (C) Public Health (D) Reorganisation of Civil Service
5.Which of the following is correctly paired ?
(A) Antipartition and Swadeshi Movements - Lord Lansdowne
(B) Factory Act of 1891 - Lord Curzon
(C) Establishment of an agricultural Research Institution at pusa - Lord Minto
(D) Rowlatt Act - Lord Chelmsford
6.Who made the 'Dipawali Diclaration' and when
(A) Lord Irwin in 1929 (B) Lord Linlithgow in 1940
(C) Gandhi 1930 (D) Subhas Bose in 1941
7.Who among the following capitalist served as a AICC treasurer for many years and went to jail in 1930 ?
(A) G. D. Birla (B) Jamunalal Bajaj (C) J. R. D. Tata (D) Walchand Hirachand
8.Which of the following results of the Zamindari System was not an advantage to the British ?
(A) Creation of political allies (B) Minimisation of revenue administrative expenditure
(C) Permanent fixation of revenue demand (D) Provision of financial security
9.Who among the following Britishers were associated with the introduction of Mahalwari System ?
(A) R. M. Bird (B) Sir John Lawrence (C) William Karey (D) Sir Alexandar Cunningham
10.What is the Chronological sequence of the following happenings ?
(i) August Declaration (ii) Lucknow Pact (iii) Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre (iv) Khaira Satyagraha
Select the answer from the codes given below ?
(A) iv, ii, iii and i (B) iii, i, ii and iv (C) ii, iv, i and iii (D) ii, i, iv and iii
11.Which of the following is not one of the causes responsible for the rise of money lenders in British India ?
(A) New revenue policy (B) New legal system
(C) New educational system (D) Commercialization of agriculture
12.Who is generally acknowledged as the pioneer of local self-Government in modern India ?
(A) Ripon (B) Hardinge - I (C) M. K. Gandhi (D) Curzon
13.Who was the first to attempt decentralization of financial administration ?
(A) Ripon (B) Mayo (C) Curzon (D) Lytton
14.The British officer who defeated Mir Qusim in a series of battles of 1763 was ?
(A) Major Hector Munro (B) Major Adams (C) Colonel Malleson (D) Colonel Holwell
15.Who confessed the following way ? 'We have no right to seize Sind, Yet we shall do so and a very big advantageous, useful, human piece of rascality it will be'.
(A) Lord Auckland (B) Lord Ellenborough (C) Sir Charles Napier (D) Major James Outram
16.Who was the Governor General when Sind was annexed ?
(A) Lord Auckland (B) Lord Ellenborough (C) Lord Dalhousie (D) Lord Hardinge-I
17.During whose reign did the post of Peshwa not only become powerful but also hereditary
(A) Rajaram (B) Shivaji - II (C) Sambhaji (D) Shahu
18.Who among the following got the title of 'Sena Karte' ?
(A) Balaji Biswanath (B) Balaji Baji Rao (C) Rajaram (D) Baji Rao - I
19.Which region in India provided the best quality saltpetre and opium to the Europeans ?
(A) Coromondal (B) Gujrat (C) Bihar (D) Malabar
20.When and by whom were the Portuguese driven out of Hugli in Bengal ?
(A) 1625 - Shaista Khan (B) 1631 - Qasim Khan
(C) 1650 - Prince Murad (D) 1666 - Prince Shuja
21.What was the early capital of the portuguese in India ?
(A) Goa (B) Cochin (C) Culient (D) Cannanore
22.Which one of the following Mughal emperors is credited with the composition of many Hindi Songs ?
(A) Humayun (B) Babur (C) Akbar (D) Jahangir
23.Which of the following manuscripts, containing miniature paintings, reveals a sense of realism and authenticity witnessed or experienced by the painters themselves
(A) Timur Namah (B) Akbar Namah (C) Jamiut-Tawarikh (D) Tariqi-Alfi
24.The subject matter of Hamzah namah is
(A) Architecture (B) Painting (C) Music (D) Philosophy
25.The only type of Jagir which could not be transferred was -
(A) Khidmati Jagir (B) Watan Jagir (C) MiIkiyat Jagir (D) Tan Jagir
26.With which one of the following are the later foreign immigrants like Hunas, who came after the fall of Imperial Guptas, identified ?
(A) Kshatriyas (B) Fallen kshatriyas (C) Rajputs (D) Mlechchas
1.Who announced Queen Victoria as the Crown of India ?
(A) Lord Wellesley (B) Lord Cornwallis (C) Lord Lytton (D) Lord Hastings
2.Which of the following towns was chosen as the head quarter of the Wahabi Movement in 1826 ?
(A) Kandahar (B) Quetta (C) Peshawar (D) Charsadda