WBCS MAIN PAPER V : INDIAN POLITY - Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)
1. Article 17 is related to
(A) Right to Education (B) Abolition of Untouchability (C) Abolition of Title (D) Right to Religion
2. 'Equality before Law7 is mentioned in which Article of the Indian Constitution?
(A) 14 (B) 10 (D) 17
3. Which part of the Indian Constitution contains the Fundamental Duties?
(A) IV-A (B) IV (C) V (D) IV-D
4.Which Article deals with Right to Elementary Education?
(A) Article 31 D (B) Article 15 (C) Article 39A (D) Article 21A
5. Article 24 of the Indian Constitution deals with the
(A) Right to Education
(B) protection of life and personal liberty
(C) prohibition of employment of children in factories
(D) prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour
6. How many Fundamental Duties at there in the Constitution of India?
(A) 12 (B) 13 (C) 10 (D) 11
7. Article 39A of the Constitution deals with
(A) Equal Justice & Free Legal Aid
(B) Money Bills
(C) Principles of Separation of Power
(D) Principles of Checks and Balances
8. Which Part of the Constitution of India contains the Directive Principles of the State Policy?
(A) Part IV (B) Part Ill (C) Part I (D) Part VI
9. Which of these are non-justiciable?
(A) Fundamental Rights (B) Directive Principles of State Policy (C) Criminal Procedure Code (D) None of the above
10. From where the concept of Directive Principles of State Policy have been taken?
(A) Ireland (B) USSR (C) France (D) USA
11. Right to Constitutional Remedies comes under
(A) Directive Principles of State Policy (B) Natural Rights (C) Statutory Rights (D) Fundamental Rights
12. Which Articles provide with the Right to Religion?
(A) Articles 25-28 (B) Articles 14-18 (C) Article 19 (D) Article 21
1.The Directive Principles of State Policy (Art. 36 to Art. 51) is included in which part of the Indian Constitution ?
(A) Part III (B) Part IV (C) Part V (D) Part VI
2.Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth is a fundamental right and is included in which Fundamental Right ?
(A) Right against Exploitation
(B) Right to Freedom of Religion
(C) Right to Constitutional Remedies
(D) Right to Equality
3.Which Article in the Indian Constitution provides for protection against arbitrary arrest and detention ?
(A) Article 22 (B) Article 23 (C) Article 24 (D) Article 25
4.Which Article in the Indian Constitution empowers the Supreme Court of India to issue writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo-warranto and certiorari which ever may be appropriate for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights ?
(A) Article 32 (B) Article 226 (C) Article 227 (D) Article 33
5.How many rights are guaranteed under Article 19 of the Constitution of India ?
(A) 7 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 4
.6."Untouchability" is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden under which Article of the Constitution of India ?
(A) Article 17 (B) Article 18 (C) Article 20 (D) Article 21
7.Which of the following Articles contain the right to religious freedom enshrined in the Constitution of India ?
(A) Art 32 - 35 (B) Art 29 - 30 (C) Art 25 - 28 (D) Art 23 - 24
8.Which of the following are Fundamental Duties of an Indian Citizen ?
(A) Safeguarding public property.
(B) To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
(C) To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
(D) All the above
9.The Fundamental Duties were incorporated in the Indian Constitution by which Constitutional Amendment Act ?
(A) 41st Amendment Act. (B) 42nd Amendment Act. (C) 3rd Amendment Act. (D) 44th Amendment Act.
10.Which one of the following right under the Indian Constitution guarantees the fundamental right to every resident of a country ?
(A) Right to Freedom
(B) Right to Equality
(C) Right against Exploitation
(D) Right to Constitutional Remedies
11.Choose the correct statement with respect to "Right against exploitation" under the Indian Constitution.
(A) Freedom to pay taxes for the promotion of any particular religion.
(B) Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
(C) Protection of minority schools.
(D) Compulsory military service.
12.Article 21-A of the Constitution of India provides for free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years
(A) is a Fundamental Right
(B) is a Legal Right
(C) is a Moral Right
(D) is included in the Directive Principles of state policy
13.As per the Indian Constitution the Right to Property is a
(A) Fundamental Right (B) Natural Right (C) Economic Right (D) Legal Right
14.How many Fundamental Duties are included in the Indian Constitution ?
(A) 10 (B) 11 (C) 12 (D) 13
15.If the Government of a State fails to enforce the Directive Principles of the State Policy, a citizen can move which among the following courts to file a writ petition to get them enforced ?
(A) District Court (B) No Court (C) High Court (D) Supreme Court
16.The Fundamental Duties are mentioned in
(A) Part III of the Constitution of India.
(B) Part IV of the Constitution of India.
(C) Part IV A of the Constitution of India.
(D) Schedule IV -A of the Constitution of India.
17.Which Article in the Indian Constitution states that the state shall not deny to any person 'equality before the law' or the 'equal protection of the laws' within the territory of India ?
(A) Article 13 (B) Article 14 (C) Article 15 (D) Article 16
1.Untouchability is abolished and its practice is punishable according to
(A) Article 15 (B) Article 16 (C) Article 17 (D) Article 18
2.On which one of the following freedoms can reasonable restrictions be imposed on the ground of security of the State ?
(A) Speech and expression (B) Peaceful assembly (C) Association or Union (D) Movement
3.Right to freedom of religion cannot be restricted on the ground of
(A) Health (B) Morality (C) Public order (D) Security of State
4.Petitions to the Supreme Court under Article 32 are subject to the rule of Res judicata except
(A) Certiorari (B) Habeas corpus (C) Prohibition (D) Quo warranto
5.The fundamental rights under Article 12 - 35
(A) are absolutely flexible (B) can be amended (C) not justiciable (D) cannot be amended
6.Under the Indian Constitution, which one of the .following is not a specific ground on which the State can place restrictions on freedom of relgion ?
(A) Health (B) Morality (C) Public order (D) Social justice
7.Article 23 of the Constitution does not prohibit
(A) beggary (B) compulsory service for public purpose (C) forced (D) traffic in human beings
8.A citizen of India, who holds any office of profit or trust under the State cannot accept any title from any foreign State without the consent of the
(A) Council of Ministers (B) Speaker of Lok Sabha (C) Prime Minister (D) President
9.The framers of the Constitution borrowed the concept of Directive Principles from
(A) Government of India Act, 1935
(B) Constitution of Ireland
(C) Constitution of Switzerland
(D) Constitution of United States of America
10.Fundamental Duties are enshrined in
(A) Part IV, Article 51
(B) Part IV A, Article 51
(C) Part IV, Article 51A
(D) Part IV A, Article 51A
11.Which of the following provisions in Part III of the Constitution automatically becomes suspended on proclamation of emergency ?
(A) Article 14 (B) Article 19 (C) Article 21 (D) Article 32
1.Under Article 16, the words 'any employment or office' applies to
(A) public employment (B) private employment (C) Both (A) & (B) (D) None of the above
2.On which of the following freedoms are reasonable restrictions be imposed on the ground of security of the State ?
(A) Speech and expression (B) Peaceful assembly (C) Association or union (D) Movement
3.Untouchability is abolished and its practice is punishable according to
(A) Article 14 (B) Article 15 (C) Article 16 (D) Article 17
4.The right to property was dropped from the list of Fundamental Rights by
(A) 24th Amendment (B) 42nd Amendment (C) 44th Amendment (D) None of the above
5.Which one of the following Fundamental Rights was described by Dr. BR. Ambedkar as the "heart and soul of the Constitution" ?
(A) Right to equality
(B) Right to religion
(C) Right to constitutional remedies
(D) None of the above
6.The right under Article 32 can be suspended by
(A) the Parliament
(B) the State Legislature
(C) the Supreme Court of India
(D) the President when proclamation of emergency is in operation
7."Directive Principles of State Policy are the conscience of the Constitution which embody the social philosophy of the Constitution" was opined by
(A) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (B) A.V. Dicey (C) Granville Austin (D) K.L Wheare
8.How many duties are conferred on the citizens in Article 51 A ?
(A) 8 (B) 9 (C) 11 (D) 12
1.Which one of the following rights, according to Dr. Ambedkar is the 'Heart and Soul' of the Constitution of India ?
(A) Right to education
(B) Right to freedom of religion
(C) Right to work
(D) Right to constitutional remedies
2.Article 14 of the Constitution of India is confined to
(A) The citizens of India only
(B) To any person
(C) To citizens of Common Wealth Countries
(D) None of the above
3.Which one of the following Writs literally means 'Under what authority' ?
(A) Habeas Corpus (B) Certiorari (C) Prohibition (D) Quo-warranto
4.The concept of 'Directive Principles of State Policy' is borrowed from
(A) Ireland . (B) England (C) Scotland (D) United Kingdom
5.The Freedom of Speech of a Member of Parliament during the sojourn of Session is
(A) almost absolute
(B) subject to restriction of Fundamental Right
(C) is regulated by the Parliament itself
(D) is similar to that of an advocate acting on behalf of his client
6.The Fundamental Rights have
(A) retrospective effect
(B) have no retrospective effect under Article 13(1) or 13(3)(b)
(C) have only future effect
(D) None of the above
7.Under Article 16, the words 'any employment or office applies'
(A) private employments
(B) only to public employments
(C) both public and private employments
(D) None of the above
8.Right to work in India is
(A) Fundamental right (B) Directive Principle (C) Constitutional duty
(D) Not a fundamental right but can be claimed after employment
9.Article 25 guarantees freedom of religion, is subject to
(A) Public order, morality, health and other Fundamental Rights.
(B) Public order, morality and health.
(C) Public order, morality, health and sovereignty and integrity of lndia.
(D) Public order, morality and Secularism.
10.Which one of the following is Bulwark of the personal freedom ?
(A) Writ of Mandamus (B) Writ of Habeus Corpus (C) Writ of Certiorari (D) Writ of Evocation
11.Consider the following statements :
Directives Principles of State Policy are
(1) directives in the nature of ideals of the State
(2) directives administering and legislating the policy of State
(3) justiciable rights of the Citizens
(A) 1 (B) 1, 2 and 3 (C) 2 (D) 3
12.The term 'equal pay for equal work' is a
(A) Directive Principles of State Policy
(B) Fundamental Right
(C) Matter of State Policy
(D) Is a matter of Labour Law
13.In Article 45, the State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education to children below the age of
(A) 8 (B) 15 (C) 12 (D) 6
14.Fundamental duties under Article 51A is confined to
(A) Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers
(B) Public servants
(C) All those who run public sector enterprise
(D) Citizens of India
15.If the Directive Principles of State Policy is infringed
(A) there is remedy in court
(B) there is remedy in Lok Adalat
(C) there is no remedy by judicial proceedings
(D) there is remedy in the court of Special Executive Magistrate
1.Which one of the followings has been wrongly listed as a Directive Principle ?
(A) Provision of adequate means of livelihood for all the citizens.
(B) Provision of employment facilities to all able-bodied persons.
(C) Protection of workers, especially children.
(D) Securing of equal pay for equal work to both men and women.
2.Which one of the following Directive Principles is non-Gandhian ?
(A) Promotion of cottage industries in rural areas.
(B) Prohibition of the use of intoxicants except for the medicinal purposes.
(C) Prevention of slaughter of cows, calves and other milch cattle.
(D) Provision of free and compulsory education for all the children upto the age of fourteen years.
3.Who said that Directive Principles of State Policy are like a cheque on a bank payable at the convenience of the bank ?
(A) Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru (B) Dr. B. N. Rao (C) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar (D) Prof. K. T. Shah
4.Which one of the following differences between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles has been wrongly listed ?
(A) The Fundamental Rights are negative injunctions, while the Directive Principles are positive instructions to the goverment.
(B) The Fundamental Rights are justiciable while the Directive Principles are non-justiciable
(C) The Fundamental Rights enjoy constitutional basis while the Directive Principles are based on conventions.
(D) In case of clash between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles the former get precedence.
5.Which one of the following Fundamental Rights has been the subject of Maximum litigation and controversy ?
(A) Right to Property (B) Right to Freedom (C) Right to Equality (D) Right to Freedom of Religion
6.Which one of the following features has been wrongly listed as a feature of Right to Equality ?
(A) It ensures equality in the matter of appointment to offices under the State.
(B) It abolishes all titles, other than academic and military.
(C) It abolishes untouchability.
(D) It prohibits special treatments any section of society.
7.Which one of the following Articles of the Constitution directs the state to strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting the social order in which justice, social, economic and political shall prevail ?
(A) Article 25 (B) Article 38 (C) Article 32 (D) Article 39
8.Which one of the following changes is not effected during the national emergency ?
(A) The Fundemental Rights of the citizens can be suspended.
(B) The distribution of revenue between the Union and the States can be modified.
(C) The President can issue directions to the state with regard to exercise of their powers.
(D) The President can in his discretion the advice of the Council of Ministers.
9.The Six Freedoms of the Indian Citizens have been enshrined in-
(A) Articles 14 to 18 (B) Articles 14 to 35 (C) Articles 19 (D) Articles 22
10.The Constitution grants Cultural and Educational Rights with a view to-
(A) evolve a common national culture.
(B) eradicate illiteracy from the country.
(C) to help the minorities conserve their culture.
(D) None of the above
11.Right to Cultural and Educational Rights implies-
(A) Provision of free and compulsory education upto High School.
(B) Special assistance to backward classes to educate them.
(C) Provision of religious and cultural instructions in schools run by the government or receiving aid out of government funds.
(D) Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
12.The Right to Constitutional Remedies means-
(A) The right of the citizens to request the parliament to amend the Constitution.
(B) The right of Indian citizens to mobilise public opinion in favour of some constitutional amendments.
(C) The right of citizens to disobey the constitution in certain circumstances.
(D) The right to move the courts for the enforcement of fundamental rights granted by the constitution.
13.Which one of the following writs is issued by the high court to a lower court or a non-judicial public institution to stop proceedings in a particular case ?
(A) Habeas Corpus (B) Prohibition (C) Quo Warranto (D) Certiorari
14."All those laws that were in force immediately before the enactment of the constitution shall be void to the extent of inconsistency with the fundamental rights". Essence of Article 13 (1) which quotes this can be placed under which of the following ?
(A) Judicial Activism (B) Judicial Review (C) Discretionary Review (D) Judicial Interpretation
15.Which among the following justifies the reason that Directive Principles were made explicitly unjustiable ?
(A) The state may not have political will to implement the principles.
(B) The state may not need to implement the principles as the Fundamental Rights were made justifiable.
(C) The implementation of the principles needs resources which the states may not have.
(D) The Constitution does not provide any clear guidelines to implement the principles.
17.Which one of the following statements is correct ?
(A) The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens cannot be suspended under any circumstances.
(B) The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens can be suspended by the Parliament by a two-thirds majority.
(C) The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens can be suspended by the President during the national emergency.
(D) The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens can be suspended by the President during the national emergency as well as emergency arising due to breakdown of constitutional machinery in a state.
18.'Contempt of Court' places restriction on which Fundamental Right ?
(A) Right to Freedom (B) Right against Exploitation (C) Right io Equality (D) Right to Religion
19.Article 13 of Indian constitution uses the words "to the extent of such inconsistency be void" —which of the following doctrines is coherent to this ?
(A) Doctrine of Eclipse (B) Doctrine of Waiver (C) Doctrine of Severability (D) Doctrine of Lapse
1.Point out the correct statement :
- Originally the Constitution of India had 14 languages in the 8th schedule
- Currently there are 22 languages in the Constitution of India
(A) 1 correct (B) 2 not correct (C) Both 1 and 2 are correct (D) Both 1 and 2 are incorrect
2.Directive Principles are
(A) Justifiable as fundamental rights
(B) Justifiable but not as fundamental rights
(C) Decorative portions of Indian Constitution
(D) Not justifiable, yet fundamental in governance of the country
3.Directive Principles of the State Policy are
(A) Not part of Indian Constitution
(B) Policy declarations made by Jawaharlal Nehru.
(C) Policy principles enunciated by the Planning Commission
(D) A part of Indian Constitution
4.Directive Principles of State Policy are
(A) Unique feature of the Constitution (B) Actual feature of the Constitution
(C) Not a novel feature of the Constitution (D) Useless feature of the Constitution
5.Name the writ issued by a superior court to a lower court or a tribunal forbidding it to perform and act outside its jurisdiction
(A) Certiorari (B) Prohibition (C) Mandamus (D) Quo Warranto
- Choose the correct statement/statements :
- Right to vote is not a Fundamental Right but a Constitutional one
- Prisoners and under trials in India do not have the right to vote
(A) 1 Only (B) 2 only (C) Both (D) None
6.Which of the following rights was described by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as the 'heart and soul' of the Constitution ?
(A) Right to Equality (B) Right to Freedom
(C) Right to Religion (D) Right to Constitutional Remedies
7.Which among the following articles relating to Fundamental Rights cannot be suspended during the emergency under Art 359 of the Indian Constitution ?
(A) Art 14 and Art 15 (B) Art 16 and Art 17 (C) Art 20 and Art 21 (D) Art 24 and Art 25
8.Choose the Article in the Constitution of India that envisages free and compulsory education for children upto the age of 14 years.
(A) Art 19 (B) Art 31 (C) Art 44 (D) Art 21 A
9.The Constitution of India guarantees that all citizens will be equal before law by which Article ?
(A) Art 11 (B) Art 12 (C) Art 13 (D) Art 14
10.Choose the following writs that can be issued against administrative authorities :
(A) Prohibition, Certiorari, Mandamus (B) Prohibition and Mandamus
(C) Prohibition and Certiorari (D) Certiorari and Mandamus
11.Which of the following writs is a bulwark of personal freedom ?
(A) Certiorari (B) Habeas Corpus (C) Mandamus (D) Quo Warranto
1.In which part of the Constitution does the concept of welfare state find elaboration ?
(B) Fundamental Rights
(C) Directive Principle of State Policy
(D) All of the above
2.Which one of the following is a Directive Principle of State Policy ?
(A) The state shall not deny to any person equality before law
(B) The state shall not discriminate against any person on grounds of religion; race, caste, sex or place of birth
(C) Untouchability is abolished and practice in any form shall be punishable by law
(D) The state shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life
3.'Right to property' is a :
(A) Fundamental Rights (B) Directive Principle (C) Legal Right (D) Social Right
4.Which one of the following is not a fundamental right ?
(A) Right against exploitation
(B) Equal pay for equal work
(C) Equality before law
(D) Right to freedom of religion